Electronic Product Design

Electronic Product Design involves Electrical, Mechanical and Material Engineering too. This depends on the product complexity and the involvement of the R&D team in the component engineering too. Some products like RF and Robotics may need custom semiconductors and Some Wearable Electronics may need a custom ASIC as the heart of the device. 

Circuit Design Service of delabs  - Product and Circuit design. Consulting tech service.

delabs design service

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Switches in Electronics

Switches are electromechanical devices. The are used to control the  path of current or energy flow. Power switches are used to turn on and off loads. The contacts should be robust and have immunity to  sparking and corrosion. Switches for signals need to be gold plated for low contact resistance and within a sealed enclosure.

Switches in Electronics

A Neon bulb should have a resistor is series to make a Neon Lamp. All specs in designer viewpoint.

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SoC the System on Chip and IP

When a product has to be made small, the board real estate is limited or it has to be manufactured in large numbers.... SoC is the Answer. A Microprocessor evolved into a Microcontroller by packing many external chips into one chip. Now uC Card along with the other blocks like A-D, Port Drivers, Networking elements, Display Driver and other peripherals can be packed into one chip.

Some Power Supply and RF blocks cannot be easily added inside as they have a silicon processing more specific to their applications. Laser trimmed Instrumentation Op-Amps, high accuracy resistor arrays, high value capacitors, magnetics and supporting chips are placed outside on the PCB.

The SOC can pack Digital Chips, Memory, A/D, D/A converters, uC, RAM and Custom programmable areas. For more specialized communications, analog and power requirements; Special SoC types can tackle RF and Power management within a chip because of proprietary silicon processing expertise.

System-on-Chip SoC and IP

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EE Design Fundamentals

Electronics Product Design

Product Design

When you wish to Begin to learn Electronics, first a short study of Physics is essential, secondly some Electronics theory. Then build simple and small gadgets to learn Practical Electronics while working with Educational Hobby Circuits.  Lastly to make your own product designs, a fundamental knowledge of Analog and Digital Electronics is the foundation for your next steps into Engineering a Design.  

Applications and Components

The basic building blocks for most circuits are Chips or ICs. You can acquire considerable knowledge by studying Application notes of National Semiconductor and Texas Instruments  to start with. When you want to use a Microprocessor or Build Your Own Microcontroller Projects, you can study the documents at Atmel and Microchip to begin. The Specifications and Behavior of Passive Components like inductors, capacitors and Resistors; Discrete Semiconductors; Power Devices. and RF Components have to be understood well, in order to design sturdy Industrial Grade Designs eg. ST.

EE Design Fundamentals
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Embedded Systems Design

An Embedded Microcontroller or DSP system is made of Chips, Circuits and Firmware. The digital voltage levels, speed, bus width, fan out, power consumption are some factors that a designer has to keep in mind. As portable and wireless gadgets are becoming more popular, RF, Ethernet and Energy Efficient Design aspects should be studied. Power electronics and Analog Circuits knowledge is used around the system, all this is integrated to make an instrument, equipment or gadget.

 
Embedded Systems Design
 
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Analog OpAmp Circuits

Operational Amplifiers With a few Op-Amps and a regulated Power supply, many Instrumentation and Process control equipment can be designed. The Human Brain understands Numbers, Quantity and it regulation very well ! On the right you can see a analog controller based on opamps and discrete devices. A Heater, Fan and Motor is regulated, controlled and timed for a process.

Learn this at my Industrial Process Control Circuits 

Analog OpAmp Circuits

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Function Generator using the CA3140

Here is a complete project which will help in learning to apply the CA3140 in a small instrument that could be used in your test bench along with the oscilloscope. It is necessary to study the datasheet for understanding the device and this application with full details.    

CA3140 4.5MHz, BiMOS Operational Amplifier with MOSFET Input/Bipolar Output

"A function generator having a wide tuning range is shown in Figure 10. The 1,000,000/1 adjustment range is accomplished by a single variable potentiometer or by an auxiliary sweeping signal. The CA3140 functions as a non-inverting readout amplifier of the triangular signal developed across the integrating capacitor network connected to the output of the CA3080A current source."

Function Generator Block Diagram

Meter Driver and Buffer Amplifier

Figure 11 shows the CA3140 connected as a meter driver and buffer amplifier. Low driving impedance is required of the CA3080A current source to assure smooth operation of the Frequency Adjustment Control. This low-driving impedance requirement is easily met by using a CA3140 connected as a voltage follower. Moreover, a meter may be placed across the input to the CA3080A to give a logarithmic analog indication of the function generator’s frequency.

Meter Buffer and Sine Shaper

 Sine Wave Shaper

The circuit shown in Figure 12 uses a CA3140 as a voltage follower in combination with diodes from the CA3019 Array to convert the triangular signal from the function generator to a sine-wave output signal having typically less than 2% THD.

Function Generator

Triangle and Square Wave Generation

Buffered triangular output signals are then applied to a second CA3080 functioning as a high speed hysteresis switch. Output from the switch is returned directly back to the input of the CA3080A current source, thereby, completing the positive feedback loop

The triangular output level is determined by the four 1N914 level limiting diodes of the second CA3080 and the resistor divider network connected to Terminal No. 2 (input) of the CA3080. These diodes establish the input trip level to this switching stage and, therefore, indirectly determine the amplitude of the output triangle.

Sweep Generator

Sweeping Generator

Figure 13 shows a sweeping generator. Three CA3140s are used in this circuit. One CA3140 is used as an integrator, a second device is used as a hysteresis switch that determines the starting and stopping points of the sweep. A third CA3140 is used as a logarithmic shaping network for the log function. Rates and slopes, as well as sawtooth, triangle, and logarithmic sweeps are generated by this circuit.

Wideband Amp
Wideband Output Amplifier

Figure 14 shows a high slew rate, wideband amplifier suitable for use as a 50Ω transmission line driver. This circuit, when used in conjunction with the function generator
and sine wave shaper circuits shown in Figures 10 and 12 provides 18VP-P output open circuited, or 9VP-P output when terminated in 50Ω. The slew rate required of this
amplifier is 28V/μs (18VP-P x π x 0.5MHz).

Power Supply for Project

Use a good step-down transformer to isolate the mains supply and reduce the AC voltage. Rectify with a diode bridge to get DC, filter the DC with large electrolytic capacitors. Then implement this Dual Power Supply circuit along with LM7815 and LM7915  - Dual Polarity Power Supply

Most of my early life as a R&D Engineer, i have been in Analog. Here are design aspects of circuits using Op-amps and Comparators. Discrete Semiconductor Circuit design like using Transistors and Diodes. RLC parts. The related blog is my delabs Schematics.

Analog Design

Things related to Electronic Design in all its aspects. That includes the prototyping, mechanical, electrical and PCB. Product Safety, EMI-RFI, Reliability and Robustness. The related blog is here Design Gopher

Electronic Design

This Section is related to Microcontrollers and Related Resources. Microcontroller, SOC, FPGA, ASIC. From 80C31 to the Latest ARM chips will be the scope of this section.  The related blog is  here Hyper Embedded

Embedded Systems

Product Design - Industrial Automation and Instrumentation. delabs Technologies uses the brand names delabs and dapj in its Web Services and Resource Sites. These together form an Electronics Informatics and Product Design Technologies Web Consultatory. Updates are Here delabs SmartView

delabs Synergy Car

The design of Power Supplies, DC to DC and AC to DC Convertors, SMPS, High Voltage and High Current equipment. Mosfets, Thyristor, Schottky Diodes, Ferrite Magnetics and Chokes are the various components used. Power Electronics qt delabs.

 Power Electronics

 

Electronic Components and Engineering Materials. The parts, kits, tools that are used in designing and manufacturing electronic products. The Mechanical Nuts-Bolts and Raw Materials used in Electronic Manufacturing. The related blog - Components and Materials.

Electronic Components delabs